MarBEF Data System



ERMS taxon details

Spongia Linnaeus, 1759

131759  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131759)

accepted
Genus
Subgenus Spongia (Spongia) Linnaeus, 1759

Species Spongia conus Montagu, 1814 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Spongia laevigata Montagu, 1814 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Spongia agaricina Pallas, 1766 represented as Spongia (Spongia) agaricina Pallas, 1766 (subgenus assignment)
Species Spongia mollissima Schmidt, 1862 represented as Spongia (Spongia) mollissima Schmidt, 1862
Species Spongia nitens (Schmidt, 1862) represented as Spongia (Spongia) nitens (Schmidt, 1862) (subgenus assignment)
Species Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 represented as Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 (subgenus assignment)
Species Spongia virgultosa (Schmidt, 1868) represented as Spongia (Spongia) virgultosa (Schmidt, 1868) (subgenus assignment)
Species Spongia zimocca Schmidt, 1862 represented as Spongia (Spongia) zimocca Schmidt, 1862 (subgenus assignment)

Species Spongia adriatica Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 (junior synonym)
Species Spongia ananas Montagu, 1814 accepted as Leucandra ananas (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia aurea Montagu, 1814 accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Spongia botryoides Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Leucosolenia botryoides (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia cancellata Sowerby, 1806 accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Species Spongia cannabina Esper, 1794 accepted as Axinella cannabina (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia ciliata Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Sycon ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia cinerea Grant, 1826 accepted as Haliclona (Reniera) cinerea (Grant, 1826) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia clavata Esper, 1794 accepted as Petrosia (Petrosia) clavata (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia columbae Walker, 1808 accepted as Haliclona columbae (Walker, 1808) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia communis Lamarck, 1814 accepted as Hippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia complicata Montagu, 1814 accepted as Leucosolenia complicata (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia compressa Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Grantia compressa (Fabricius, 1780) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia coriacea Montagu, 1814 accepted as Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia damicornis Esper, 1794 accepted as Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia fasciculata sensu Esper, 1794 accepted as Sarcotragus fasciculatus (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia foliacea Montagu, 1814 accepted as Grantia compressa (Fabricius, 1780) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Spongia fragilis Montagu, 1814 accepted as Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia fruticosa Montagu, 1814 accepted as Desmacidon fruticosum (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia hispida Montagu, 1814 accepted as Raspailia (Clathriodendron) hispida (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia infundibuliformis Linnaeus, 1759 accepted as Axinella infundibuliformis (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia intestinalis Lamarck, 1814 accepted as Hyattella intestinalis (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia irregularis (Lendenfeld, 1889) accepted as Spongia (Spongia) hispida Lamarck, 1814 (subgenus assignment and junior synonym)
Species Spongia lactuca Esper, 1794 accepted as Axinella damicornis (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Spongia limbata Montagu, 1814 accepted as Chalinula limbata (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia lobata Montagu, 1814 accepted as Amphilectus ovulum (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Species Spongia mamillaris Müller, 1806 accepted as Polymastia mamillaris (Müller, 1806) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia oculata sensu Pallas, 1766 accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata (Linnaeus, 1759) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia palmata Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Isodictya palmata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia palmata sensu Lamarck, 1814 accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) nuda (Ridley, 1884) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Spongia panicea Pallas, 1766 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia parasitica Montagu, 1814 accepted as Amphilectus fucorum (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Spongia penicillus Montagu, 1814 accepted as Polymastia penicillus (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia perlevis Montagu, 1814 accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia pilosa Montagu, 1814 accepted as Craniella cranium (Müller, 1776) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Spongia plumosa Montagu, 1814 accepted as Phorbas plumosus (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia pulchella Sowerby, 1804 accepted as Spongionella pulchella (Sowerby, 1804) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia quarnerensis Schmidt, 1862 accepted as Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 (junior synonym)
Species Spongia ramosa Montagu, 1814 accepted as Raspailia (Raspailia) ramosa (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia rigida Montagu, 1814 accepted as Stelligera montagui Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Species Spongia sanguinea Grant, 1826 accepted as Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Spongia strigilata Lamarck, 1814 accepted as Higginsia strigilata (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia stuposa Ellis & Solander, 1786 accepted as Stelligera stuposa (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia stuposa Esper, 1794 accepted as Ulosa digitata (Schmidt, 1866) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Species Spongia suberia Montagu, 1814 accepted as Suberites suberia (Montagu, 1814) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia tupha sensu Martens, 1824 accepted as Dysidea tupha (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia urceola Rathke & Vahl, 1806 accepted as Haliclona (Haliclona) urceolus (Rathke & Vahl, 1806) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia velutata Renier, 1807 accepted as Desmacella velutata (Renier, 1807) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia ventilabrum Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Phakellia ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer)
Species Spongia verrucosa Esper, 1794 accepted as Axinella verrucosa (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1759). Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus II. Editio decima, reformata. - pp. [1-4], 825-1384. Holmiæ. (L. Salvii). [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Spongia Linnaeus, 1759. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2020) European Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131759 on 2020-08-03
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2020). European Register of Marine Species. Spongia Linnaeus, 1759. Accessed at: http://marbef.org/data../aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131759 on 2020-08-03
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-04-03 15:15:02Z
changed
2010-05-06 07:50:12Z
changed
2018-05-21 14:26:42Z
changed

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1759). Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus II. Editio decima, reformata. - pp. [1-4], 825-1384. Holmiæ. (L. Salvii). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Bergquist, P.R. (1980). A revision of the supraspecific classification of the orders Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida and Verongida (class Demospongiae). <em>New Zealand Journal of Zoology.</em> 7 (4): 443-503.
page(s): 450-452 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2002). Family Spongiidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1051-1060. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in RoR[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1959). Répartition générale des éponges et systématique des éponges cornées de la région de Marseille et de quelques stations méditerranéennes. <em>Recueil des Travaux de la Station marine d'Endoume.</em> 16 (26): 39-101, pls 1-3.
page(s): 73-74; note: with description [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
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