MarBEF Data System

ERMS taxon details

Madracis pharensis (Heller, 1868)

135212  (

marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of ) Heller C. (1868). Die Zoophyten und Echinodermen des Adriatischen Meeres. <em>Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft von Wien.</em> 18, supplement: 1-88, 3 plates., available online at [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2023). World List of Scleractinia. Madracis pharensis (Heller, 1868). Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2023) European Register of Marine Species at: on 2023-12-06
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2023). European Register of Marine Species. Madracis pharensis (Heller, 1868). Accessed at: on 2023-12-06
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2018-07-05 08:49:41Z
2022-05-29 06:08:19Z

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original description  (of ) Heller C. (1868). Die Zoophyten und Echinodermen des Adriatischen Meeres. <em>Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft von Wien.</em> 18, supplement: 1-88, 3 plates., available online at [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in RoR[details]   

basis of record Cairns, S.D., Hoeksema, B.W., and J. van der Land, 2001. Scleractinia, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 109-110 (look up in RoR[details]   

additional source Gili, J.M., 1982. Fauna de cnidaris de les illes Medes. Treballs Inst. Cat. Hist. nat. 10 : 1-175.
page(s): 129-130, 131 fig. 62 E [details]   

additional source Laborel J. (1967). A revised list of Brazilian scleractinian corals and description of a new species. <em>Postilla Yale Peabody Museum.</em> 107: 1-14.
page(s): 2, 5 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., B.W. Hoeksema & J. van der Land. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 36 [details]   

additional source Bianchi, C.N., Cocito S., Ferdeghini F., Peirano A., Sgorbini S., Aliani S., De Biasi A.M., Boyer M., Pestarino M., Balduzzi A., Pansini M. Morri C. , 1999. Biodiversità dell'epifauna sessile in un'isola del Mar Egeo: Milos, Cicladi. Biol. Mar. Medit. 6 1: 179-183.
page(s): 181 [details]   

additional source Randall RH. (2003). An annotated checklist of hydrozoan and scleractinian corals collected from Guam and other Mariana Islands. <em>Micronesica.</em> 35-36: 121-137.
page(s): 127 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009-2017). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. <em>In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats.</em> Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Lattig, P. & S.D. Cairns. (2000). A new species of Tethocyathus (Scleractinia: Caryophylliidae). <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 113 (3): 590-595.
page(s): 593-594 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Benzoni, F., Stefani, F., Stolarski, J., Pichon, M., Mitta, G., Galli, P. 2007. Debating phylogenetic relationships of the scleractinian Psammocora: molecular and morphological evidences. Contributions to Zoology 76: 35-54., available online at;idno=7601a04
page(s): 39 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at [details]   

additional source Döderlein L. (1913). Die Steinkorallen aus dem Golf von Neapel. <em>Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel.</em> 21: 105-152, pls. 7-9. [details]   

additional source Reyes J, Santodomingo N, Flórez P. (2010). Corales Escleractinios de Colombia. <em>Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras (INVEMAR), Santa Marta, Colombia.</em> pp 1-246. [details]   

additional source Brito A, Ocaña O. (2004). Corals of the Canary Islands. Skeleton anthozoans of the littoral and deep bottoms. <em>Francisco Lemus, La Laguna.</em> 1-477 pp. [details]   

additional source Kružić P. (2002). Marine fauna of the Mljet National Park (Adriatic Sea, Croatia). 1. Anthozoa. <em>Natura Croatica.</em> 11: 265-292. [details]   

additional source Kitahara MV. (2007). Species richness and distribution of azooxanthellate Scleractinia in Brazil. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 81 (3): 497-518. [details]   

additional source Fenner, D. P. (2005). Corals of Hawai'i. A Field Guide to the Hard, Black, and Soft Corals of Hawai'i and the Northwest Hawaiian Islands, Including Midway. <em>Mutual Publishing, Ltd., Honolulu.</em> 144 pp.
page(s): 21, 41, 116 [details]   

additional source Locke, J. M.; Weil, E.; Coates, K. A. (2007). A newly documented species of Madracis (Scleractinia: Pocilloporidae) from the Caribbean. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington , 120(2): 214-226
page(s): 216, 223 [details]   

additional source Santodomingo, N.; Reyes, J.; Flórez, P.; Chacón-Gómez, I.C.; van Ofwegen, L.P.; Hoeksema, B.W. (2012). Diversity and distribution of azooxanthellate corals in the Colombian Caribbean. <em>Marine Biodiversity.</em> 43(1): 7-22., available online at [details]   

additional source Rossi L. (1957). Revisione critica dei Madreporarii del Mar Ligure. <em>Doriana.</em> 2 (76): 1-19, pls. 1-4.
page(s): 2, 4, 13 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume II: Families Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae, Euphyllidae, Oculinidae, Meandrinidae, Siderastreidae, Agariciidae, Fungiidae, Rhizangiidae, Pectiniidae, Merulinidae, Dendrophylliidae, Caryophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 2, pp. 429.
page(s): 12-13 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Müller, I. (1962). Die Anthozoenfauna der Adria / Fauna antozoa Jadrana. Fauna et Flora Adriatica, 3, 1-343
page(s): 225-226 [details]   

additional source Zlatarski, V. N.; Estalella, N. M. (1980). Scleractinia of Cuba with data on the constituent organisms [in Bulgarian]. Bulgarian Academy of Science. Sophia., pp. 312.
page(s): 39, 250, 304 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (1982). Stony corals (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa, Scleractinia) of Carrie Bow Cay, Belize. <em>Smithsonian Contribution to the Marine Sciences.</em> 12:271-302.
page(s): 272, 276-277, Figure 121a [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Potts, D. C.; Aeby, G.; Gulko, D.; Kenyon, J.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D. (2004). 2000-2002 rapid ecological assessment of coral (Anthozoa) on shallow reefs of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Part 1: Species and distribution. Pacific Science, 58(2): 211-230
page(s): 223 [details]   

additional source Laborel, J. (1970). Les peuplements de madréporaires des côtes tropicales du Brésil. Annales de l'Université d'Abidjan, 2, E, (3): 7-261
page(s): 160, 164, 179, 194, 248 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H.; Grieshaber, A. (1977). Scléractinaires de l'Adriatique. Tethys, 7, 4, 375-384
page(s): 376, 383 [details]   

additional source Zibrowius, H.; Saldanha, L. (1976). Sclératiniaires récoltés en plongée au Portugal et dans les archipels de Madère et des Açores. Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciencias Naturais, 16, 91-114
page(s): 94, 95, 103, 106 [details]   

additional source Rossi, L. (1956). Osservazioni ecologiche su alcuni Antozoi del golfo di Genova. Bollettino di Zoologia, 23(2): 237-246
page(s): 239, 241, 242, 244, 246 [details]   

additional source Bitar, G.; Zibrowius, H. (1997). Scleractinian corals from Lebanon, Eastern Mediterranean, including a non-lessepsian invading species (Cnidaria: Scleractinia). Scientia Marina, 61(2): 227-231
page(s): 227 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 61, 64-65, 112 [details]   

additional source Joubin L. (1928). Madracis pharensis (Heller) 1868. <em>In: (1927-1930) Faune et flore de la Méditerranée. Hexcorallia.</em> 1 sheet: 2 pages. [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D. & H. Zibrowius. (1997). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Azooxanthellate Scleractinia from the Philippine and Indonesian regions. <em>in: Crosnier, A. et al. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 16. Campagne Franco-Indonésienne KARUBAR. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie.</em> 172: 27-244. (look up in RoR[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

redescription Zibrowius H. (1980). Les scléractiniaires de la Méditerranée et de l'Atlantique nord-oriental. <em>Mémoires de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco.</em> 11: 1-284, pls. 1-117. (look up in RoR[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

redescription Cairns, S.D. (1991). A revision of the ahermatypic Scleractinia of the Galápagos and Cocos Islands. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 504: 1-32, pls. 1-12. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

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