Site details

NORWEGIAN SKAGERRAK COAST, SOUTH NORWAY
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International
Conservation
status
1 star - Not protected
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Dasya baillouviana (S.G.Gmelin) Montagne, 1841 Photo: F.E. Moy

Synoptic description of site:

Fixed stations for long-term monitoring of hard-bottom species communities (0-30 m), soft-bottom macrofaunal communities (50-350 m) and phytoplankton species composition (0-30 m).

Extensive description of site:

The coastal area is characterised by islands, fjords and sounds. The dominant habitats are hard-bottoms from intertidal to shallow subtidal and muddy soft-bottoms in fjords and off-shore areas. Scattered intertidal soft-bottoms and sandy beaches are found in locally protected areas.

Habitats present:
 MudSandRock
LittoralXXX
SublittoralXXX
Seagrass bedsX

Description of fauna and flora:

Long periods with water temperature above 10C and yearly amplitude of 15-20C (summer-winter) together with low surface salinity control the abundance of shallow water species. Fucoids dominate the rocky shores.

Human impact:

The area is subjected to moderate to small levels of pollution from local cities, industries and diffuse long-range pollution from the Skagerrak/North Sea. The area is representative of natural conditions in the Skagerrak region.

Facilities:

There are several small laboratories and research units in the area. They are well equipped for sampling, sample sorting and species identification and offer facilities for working with living specimens. The most important units are NIVA and IMR.

Available database and website:

All the main research organisations have their own web-site, and species inventories (benthic invertebrates, benthic macroalgae, phytoplankton, zooplankton, fish) are available in several off-line databases.

Datasets covering this area:

Commitment and ongoing research:

The Norwegian Coastal Monitoring Programme managed by Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) and the Oceanographic Monitoring Programme of Skagerrak managed by Institute for Marine Research (IMR), are the most important long-term activities, with option for participation, in the region.

Involvements: