MarBEF Data System



ERMS source details

Hooper, J.N.A. (2002 [2004]). Family Acarnidae Dendy, 1922. Pp. 412–431. In: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004]). Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version).
404771
Hooper, J.N.A.
2002 [2004]
Family Acarnidae Dendy, 1922. Pp. 412–431. <em>In: </em>Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002 [2004])
Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges
(2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+XLVIII. ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5 (eBook electronic version)
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Acarnidae Dendy (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida, Microcionina) contains 37 nominal genera of which 13 are considered here to be valid, and probably several hundreds of species. Acarnids are distributed worldwide, although several genera are predominant in colder temperate waters, and several have very restricted (apparently endemic) geographic ranges. Major morphological characters diagnostic for the family include massive, burrowing, excavating or encrusting growth forms with fistules, as well as non-fistulose genera with digitate, flabellate, massive or encrusting growth forms; ectosomal skeleton with tangentially arranged tylotes with spined bases; choanosomal skeleton reticulate (in massive) or plumose (in encrusting growth forms), with or without echinating spicules; megascleres include styles; and microscleres are palmate isochelae and toxas, sometimes lost or sometimes with other microscleres such as bipocillae, modified anisochelae, microrhabds and raphides.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2021-04-18 13:57:37Z
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2021-04-19 09:34:44Z
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Acarnidae Dendy, 1922 (basis of record)
Acarnidae Dendy, 1922 (taxonomy source)
Acarnus Gray, 1867 (additional source)
Acheliderma Topsent, 1892 (basis of record)
Alebion Gray, 1867 accepted as Iophon Gray, 1867 (basis of record)
Anisotylacanthea Vacelet, 1969 accepted as Damiria Keller, 1891 (basis of record)
Astylinifer Topsent, 1927 accepted as Acheliderma Topsent, 1892 (basis of record)
Cornulotrocha Topsent, 1927 accepted as Clathria (Cornulotrocha) Topsent, 1927 (source of synonymy)
Cornulum Carter, 1876 (basis of record)
Cornulum cheliradians (Topsent, 1927) accepted as Clathria (Cornulotrocha) cheliradians (Topsent, 1927) (source of synonymy)
Damiria Keller, 1891 (basis of record)
Halichondria nigricans Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (additional source)
Iophon Gray, 1867 (basis of record)
Iophon hyndmani (Bowerbank, 1858) (basis of record)
Iophon ingalli (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Iophon hyndmani (Bowerbank, 1858) (basis of record)
Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (basis of record)
Iophonidae Burton, 1929 accepted as Acarnidae Dendy, 1922 (basis of record)
Iophonopsis Dendy, 1924 accepted as Iophon Gray, 1867 (basis of record)
Iophonopsis nigricans (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (basis of record)
Melonchela Koltun, 1955 accepted as Cornulum Carter, 1876 (additional source)
Wigginsia de Laubenfels, 1953 (basis of record)
Wigginsia wigginsi de Laubenfels, 1953 (basis of record)
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