MarBEF Data System



ERMS source details

Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Desmoxyidae Hallmann, 1916. pp. 755-772. In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).
9049
Hooper, J.N.A.
2002
Family Desmoxyidae Hallmann, 1916. pp. 755-772. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).
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The PDF supplied here is a proof - NOT the definitive printed text - of a chapter of the Systema Porifera
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Desmoxyidae Hallmann (Demospongiae, Halichondrida) contains 19 genera, 10 of which are recognised here, and probably less than 100 species worldwide. Desmoxyids are widely distributed and live mainly in shallow coastal waters but a few have also been recorded from 1300m depth. Major morphological characters diagnostic for the family include spined or smooth diactinal microscleres (oxeas or strongyles), often centrangulate or strongly bent centrally, localised in the ectosomal region; choanosomal skeleton with monactinal (styles or tylostyles) and/or diactinal spicules forming confused reticulate tracts or widely spaced, irregular muitispicular bundles bound together by sparse collagen, or enclosed in poorly developed fibres; microscleres also sometimes include raphides occurring singly or in bundles (trichodragmata), or acanthose microrhabds (sanidaster-like), acanthose cladotoxa and birotules.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2018-07-31 07:06:42Z
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2021-04-18 13:57:37Z
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Alloscleria Topsent, 1927 (redescription)
Didiscus Dendy, 1922 (additional source)
Halicnemia Bowerbank, 1864 (taxonomy source)
Heteroxyidae Dendy, 1905 (additional source)
Higginsia Higgin, 1877 (taxonomy source)
Myrmekioderma Ehlers, 1870 (basis of record)
Myrmekioderma spelaeum (Pulitzer-Finali, 1983) (basis of record)
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