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ERMS source details

Manuel, M.; Borojevic, R.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Vacelet, J. (2002). Class Calcarea Bowerbank, 1864. Pp. 1103-1110. In: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. 2 volumes. Kluwer Academic/Plenum, NY, 1708 + xvliii. ISBN 0-306-47260-0 (printed version).
9087
Manuel, M.; Borojevic, R.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Vacelet, J.
2002
Class Calcarea Bowerbank, 1864. Pp. 1103-1110
In: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds) (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. 2 volumes
Kluwer Academic/Plenum, NY, 1708 + xvliii. ISBN 0-306-47260-0 (printed version)
Publication
The PDF supplied here is a proof - NOT the definitive printed text - of a chapter of the Systema Porifera
Available for editors  PDF available
Calcarea Bowerbank (Porifera) includes sponges having a mineral skeleton composed entirely of calcium carbonate, consisting of free, rarely linked or cemented, di-, tri-, tetra- and/or polyactinal spicules, sometimes with a solid basal calcitic skeleton, and with blastula larvae and viviparous mode of reproduction. Two Recent subclasses are recognised, Calcinea and Calcaronea, containing five orders, 22 families and 75 valid genera, with species exclusively marine and distributed worldwide.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2021-04-16 09:03:54Z
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Calcarea (basis of record)
Calcaronea (basis of record)
Calcinea (basis of record)
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