Site details

BØMLO-SOTRA ARCHIPELAGO
(lookup in gazetteer)
Flag of Norway
Norway
Conservation
status
4 stars - Protection pending but not yet approved by national legislation
LTBR Focal Site



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Prostheceraceus vittatus and Clavelina lepadiformis Photo: A. Pedersen

Synoptic description of site:

Outer coastal area characterised by islands, fjords and sounds. Fixed stations for long-term monitoring of hard-bottom species communities (0-30 m) and soft-bottom macrofaunal communities (50-300 m)

Extensive description of site:

Bømlo-Sotra archipelago in Hordaland County, southwest Norway, is an outer coastal area characterised by islands, islets, fjords and sounds, supporting a wide variety of habitats. The dominant bottom types are hard-bottom and coralline sand from intertidal to shallow subtidal, and mixed and muddy soft-bottoms in locally sheltered and off-shore deep (>200m) areas.

Habitats present:
 MudSandRock
LittoralXXX
SublittoralXXX
Seagrass bedsX

Description of fauna and flora:

The area is part of the most extensively studied marine region in Norway. Large areas are dominated by kelp forest (Laminaria hyperborea).

Pristiness: High

Justification:

The area is representative of the natural conditions in the eastern North Sea. There are no larger settlements or industrial plants discharging wastewater in the area, but fish farming may locally affect sheltered habitats.

Human impact:

There are no large settlements or industrial plants discharging wastewater in the area, but fish farming may locally affect sheltered habitats. The area is characterised as pristine and representative of the natural conditions in the eastern North Sea.

Facilities:

There are excellent facilities for biodiversity research at Espegrend Field Station of University of Bergen and Austevoll Aquaculture Station, as well as at several smaller laboratories and research units in the area.

Available database and website:

The species inventory is very comprehensive, with more than 2200 benthic invertebrates and 300 benthic macroalgae registered in several off-line databases. All the main research organisations have their own websites.

Commitment and ongoing research:

Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Institute for Marine Research (IMR) and University of Bergen are major sites for biodiversity-related research in the area. Long-term biodiversity monitoring has been carried out since 1990 during the Norwegian Coastal Monitoring Programme, managed by NIVA.

Involvements: