Site details

Neva Estuary
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              Candidate Reference Site

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Synoptic description of site:

Largest estuary in the Baltic Sea, with salinity gradient from freshwater to 6 ppt, diverse habitats under different level of human impact, including protected areas of local and international significance


Habitat description:

Wetlands in enclosed part of the estuary (Neva Bay), sand and hard bottom littoral in the exposed coastal zone of outer estuary


Facilities of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the leading institution in Russia on estuarine and marine biodiversity research, located in the walking distance from the enclosed part of the estuary (Neva Bay)

Available database and website:

Numerous publications, including two books (see additional information), and Internet web site of the Group on Aquatic Alien Species, developed in the framework of the projects concerning dynamics and monitoring of biodiversity ( Russian State Program “Biodiversity”, see )


Additional Information:

1. Winberg, G.G.and B.L.Gutelmaher (eds.). 1987. The Neva Bay: Hydrobiological investigations. Leningrad, Science Publ (in Russian) 2. Alimov, A.F. (ed.) 1988. Communities of freshwater invertebrates in the macrophyte beds. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute, Leningrad, Vol. 186 (in Russian) 3. Alimov, A.F., V.N.Nikulina, V.Ye.Panov, I.V.Telesh and N.P.Finogenova. 1994. Hydrobiology of Neva Bay on the Gulf of Finland. Hydrobiol. J. 30(4):14-26. 4. Panov V.E., Alimov A.F., Balushkina E.V., Golubkov S.M., Nikulina V.N., Telesh I.V., Finogenova N.P. 1997. Monitoring of biodiversity of bottom and plankton communities in the Neva Estuary. - In: V.E.Sokolov, Yu.S.Reshetnikov& M.I.Shatunovski (eds.) Monitoring of biodiversity. Moscow: 288-294 (in Russian) 5. Panov, V. E., P. I. Krylov & I. V. Telesh 1999. The St. Petersburg harbour profile. - In: (Gollasch, S. & E. Leppäkoski, eds) Initial risk assessment of alien species in Nordic coastal waters. Nord 1999:8. Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen: 225-244. 6. Krylov P.I., Bychenkov D.E., Panov V.E., Rodionova N.V., Telesh I.V. 1999. Distribution and seasonal dynamics of the Ponto-Caspian invader Cercopagis pengoi (Crustacea, Cladocera) in the Neva Estuary (Gulf of Finland).Hydrobiologia 393: 227-232. 7. Telesh I.V., Alimov A.F., Golubkov S.M., Nikulina V.N., Panov V.E. 1999. Response of aquatic communities to anthropogenic stress: A comparative study of the Neva Bay and the eastern Gulf of Finland. Hydrobiologia 393: 95-105 Current projects: 1. Russian State Program “Biodiversity” – “ Development of recommendations for monitoring of biodiversity” 2. Grant from the Finnish Ministry of Environment «Littoral communities in the Neva Estuary» 3. INTAS grant N 99-674 «The water quality in the coastal zone of the Gulf of Finland: Measurements, Remote Sensing, Computer Modelling - Development of a Strategic Tool for Sustainable Management»