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Brandt, S. (2001). Choanoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 57-59
In: Costello, M.J.; Emblow, C.; White, R.J. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle: Paris. ISBN 2-85653-538-0. 463 pp., more
In: Collection Patrimoines Naturels. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle: Paris. ISSN 1158-422X

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    Choanoflagellida [WoRMS]

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    The choanoflagellates are divided into three taxa on the basis of the composition of the covering surrounding the cell. The Acanthoecidae, with a siliceous lorica, are particularly conspicuous in marine waters. No members of this taxon have been reported from freshwater, although some species may occur in brackish water. Members of the Codosigidae (“naked” cells, although a thin investment is sometimes visible, particularly with electron microscopy) and the Salpingoecidae (with organic thecae) appear to be more diverse in freshwaters. However, the identity of many species within these two families is in great need of revision.

    The list below includes a comprehensive list of the Acanthoecidae, produced from recent literature. The lists of the Codosigidae and Salpingoecidae are preliminary, covering most records to 1995.


    • Boucaud Camou, E. 1967 Les Choanoflagellés des Cotes de la Manche: 1. Systématique Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, 10: 191-209
    • Ellis, W.N. 1930 Recent researches on the Choanoflagellata (Craspedomonadines) (freshwater and marine) with description of new genera and species Annls. Soc. R. Zool. Belg., 60: 49-88
    • Espeland, G. & Throndsen, J. 1986 Flagellates from Kilsfjorden, Southern Norway, with description of two new species of Choanoflagellida Sarsia 71: 209-226
    • Leadbeater, B.S.C 1973 External morphology of some marine choanoflagellates from the coast of Jugoslavia Arch. Protistenk., 115: 234-252
    • Leadbeater, B.S.C 1980 Four new species of loricate choanoflagellates from South Brittany, France Cahiers de Biologie Marine 21: 345-353
    • Parke, M. & Leadbeater, B.S.C. 1977 Check-list of British marine Choanoflagellida - second revision J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 57: 1-6
    • Thomsen, H.A. (ed.) 1992 Plankton i de indre danke farvande Miljøministeriet, Miljøstyrelsen, Copenhagen.
    • Throndsen, J. 1974 Planktonic choanoflagellates from North Atlantic waters Sarsia 56: 96-122
    • Tong, S.M. 1997a Choanoflagellates in Southampton Water, including the description of three new species. J. mar. biol. Ass. UK, 77: 929-958.
    • Tong, S.M., Nygaard, K., Bernard, C., Vørs, N & Patterson, D.J. 1998 Heterotrophic flagellates from the water column in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia Europ. J. Protistol., 34: 162-194
    • Vørs, N. 1992 Heterotrophic amoebae, flagellates and heliozoa from the Tvärminne area, Gulf of Finland, in 1988-1990 Ophelia 36: 1-109

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