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Marra, M.V.; Bertolino, M.; Pansini, M.; Giacobbe, S.; Manconi, R.; Pronzato, R. (2016). Long-term turnover of the sponge fauna in Faro Lake (North-East Sicily, Mediterranean Sea). Italian Journal of Zoology. 1-10.
10.1080/11250003.2016.1251981 [view]
Marra, M.V.; Bertolino, M.; Pansini, M.; Giacobbe, S.; Manconi, R.; Pronzato, R.
Long-term turnover of the sponge fauna in Faro Lake (North-East Sicily, Mediterranean Sea)
Italian Journal of Zoology
Available for editors  PDF available
The paper focuses on the long-term taxonomic composition and distribution of the shallow-water sponge fauna from the meromictic–anchialine coastal basin Faro Lake (Southern Italy), comparing recent qualitative field data with literature data over a 50-year period. The Faro Lake shallow water currently hosts 24 conspicuous species of Porifera belonging to 21 genera, 18 families, eight orders, three subclasses and two classes, i.e. Demospongiae (23) and Calcarea (one). The comparison between the present and past status of the sponge fauna showed a high turnover, with 15 new colonizers and only nine persistent species. Thirteen species reported in the literature are missing, suggesting the occurrence of remarkable changes in the faunal composition during the last 50 years. The analysis of the geographic distribution of each species allowed us to outline the prevalent North Atlantic affinity of he sponge community. Worthy of note is the new record of the alien calcareous sponge Paraleucilla magna of cryptogenic origin.
Mediterranean Sea in general
Biodiversity, Taxonomic and ecological diversity
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2016-11-30 17:01:24Z
2022-04-14 21:14:08Z

Chalinula renieroides Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 (additional source)
Ciocalypta penicillus Bowerbank, 1862 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) toxivaria (Sarà, 1959) (additional source)
Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Dictyonella incisa (Schmidt, 1880) (additional source)
Dictyonella marsillii (Topsent, 1893) (additional source)
Erylus discophorus (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Halichondria (Halichondria) bowerbanki Burton, 1930 (additional source)
Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Halicnemia patera Bowerbank, 1864 (additional source)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) castanea Sarà, 1964 (additional source)
Hymeniacidon perlevis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Mycale (Aegogropila) rotalis (Bowerbank, 1874) (additional source)
Myxilla (Myxilla) rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) (additional source)
Oceanapia decipiens (Sarà, 1958) (additional source)
Oscarella lobularis (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Paraleucilla magna Klautau, Monteiro & Borojevic, 2004 (additional source)
Plakortis simplex Schulze, 1880 (additional source)
Spirastrella cunctatrix Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Suberites massa Nardo, 1847 (additional source)
Tedania (Tedania) anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792) (additional source)
Tethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Tethyspira spinosa (Bowerbank, 1874) (additional source)
Timea stellata (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Ulosa stuposa (Esper, 1794) accepted as Ulosa digitata (Schmidt, 1866) (additional source)
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