MarBEF Data System

ERMS source details

Sitjà, C.; Maldonado, M.; Farias, C.; Rueda, J.L. (2019). Deep-water sponge fauna from the mud volcanoes of the Gulf of Cadiz (North Atlantic, Spain). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 99 (4): 807 - 831.
10.1017/s0025315418000589 [view]
Sitjà, C.; Maldonado, M.; Farias, C.; Rueda, J.L.
Deep-water sponge fauna from the mud volcanoes of the Gulf of Cadiz (North Atlantic, Spain)
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
99 (4): 807 - 831
Available for editors  PDF available
Mud volcanoes are singular seafloor structures classified as ‘sensitive habitats’. Here we report on the sponge fauna from a field of eight mud volcanoes located in the Spanish margin of the northern Gulf of Cadiz (North-eastern Atlantic), at depths ranging from 380 to 1146 m. Thirty-eight beam-trawl samplings were conducted (covering over 61,000 m2) from 2010 to 2012, in the frame of a EC-LIFE + INDEMARES grant. A total of 1659 specimens were retrieved, belonging to 82 species, from which 79 were in the Class Demospongiae and three in Hexactinellida. Two species were new to science (Jaspis sinuoxea sp. nov.; Myrmekioderma indemaresi sp. nov.) and three others recorded for the first time in the Atlantic Ocean (Geodia anceps, Coelosphaera cryosi and Petrosia raphida). Five additional species were ‘Atlantic oddities’, since this study provides their second record in the Atlantic Ocean (Lanuginella cf. pupa, Geodia cf. spherastrella, Cladocroce spathiformis, Cladocroce fibrosa and Haliclona pedunculata). Basic numerical analyses indicated a significant linear relationship between the species richness per m2 and the number of sponge individuals per m2, meaning that in most volcanoes many species occur in equivalent, moderate abundance. Likewise, sponge species richness increased with depth, while the abundance of hard substrata resulting from carbonate precipitation and the fishing activities around the volcanoes had no detectable effect on the sponge fauna. However, in the latter case, a negative trend – lacking statistical support – underlaid the analyses, suggesting that a more extensive sampling would be necessary to derive more definitive conclusions in this regard.
Eastern Atlantic warm temperate to boreal
Systematics, Taxonomy
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BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2018-09-15 09:26:51Z
2018-11-13 08:33:42Z
2019-06-01 12:14:34Z
2019-06-01 16:01:32Z
2020-04-17 20:31:34Z

Acantheurypon pilosella (Topsent, 1904) (additional source)
Anisocrella hymedesmina Topsent, 1927 (additional source)
Antho (Acarnia) signata (Topsent, 1904) (additional source)
Antho erecta (Ferrer Hernández, 1923) represented as Antho (Plocamia) erecta (Ferrer Hernández, 1923) (additional source)
Asconema setubalense Kent, 1870 (additional source)
Axinella vellerea Topsent, 1904 (additional source)
Characella pachastrelloides (Carter, 1876) (additional source)
Characella tripodaria (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Cladocroce fibrosa (Topsent, 1890) (additional source)
Cladocroce spathiformis Topsent, 1904 (additional source)
Cladorhiza abyssicola Sars, 1872 (additional source)
Coelosphaera (Histodermion) cryosi (Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994) (additional source)
Coelosphaera tubifex Thomson, 1873 represented as Coelosphaera (Coelosphaera) tubifex Thomson, 1873 (additional source)
Crella fusifera Sarà, 1969 represented as Crella (Pytheas) fusifera Sarà, 1969 (additional source)
Crella pyrula (Carter, 1876) represented as Crella (Yvesia) pyrula (Carter, 1876) (additional source)
Discodermia ramifera Topsent, 1892 (additional source)
Dysidea fragilis (Montagu, 1814) (additional source)
Eurypon clavatum (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Forcepia forcipis (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Forcepia (Forcepia) forcipis (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Forcepia luciensis (Topsent, 1888) represented as Forcepia (Leptolabis) luciensis (Topsent, 1888) (additional source)
Geodia anceps (Vosmaer, 1894) accepted as Geodia geodina (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Geodia megastrella Carter, 1876 (additional source)
Geodia pachydermata (Sollas, 1886) (basis of record)
Geodia phlegraeioides Díaz & Cárdenas, 2024 (additional source)
Geodia spherastrella Topsent, 1904 (additional source)
Haliclona (Rhizoniera) pedunculata (Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994) accepted as Haliclona (Rhizoniera) bouryesnaultae Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (additional source)
Haliclona utriculus (Topsent, 1904) (additional source)
Hamacantha johnsoni (Bowerbank, 1864) represented as Hamacantha (Hamacantha) johnsoni (Bowerbank, 1864) (additional source)
Hamacantha lundbecki Topsent, 1904 represented as Hamacantha (Hamacantha) lundbecki Topsent, 1904 (additional source)
Hamacantha papillata Vosmaer, 1885 represented as Hamacantha (Vomerula) papillata Vosmaer, 1885 (additional source)
Hamacantha schmidtii (Carter, 1882) represented as Hamacantha (Hamacantha) schmidtii (Carter, 1882) (additional source)
Hymedesmia koehleri (Topsent, 1896) represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) koehleri (Topsent, 1896) (additional source)
Hymedesmia mutabilis (Topsent, 1904) represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) mutabilis (Topsent, 1904) (additional source)
Hymedesmia peachii Bowerbank, 1882 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) peachii Bowerbank, 1882 (additional source)
Iotroata polydentata (Lundbeck, 1905) (additional source)
Janulum spinispiculum (Carter, 1876) (additional source)
Jaspis incrustans (Topsent, 1890) (additional source)
Jaspis johnstonii (Schmidt, 1862) (additional source)
Lanuginella pupa Schmidt, 1870 (additional source)
Leiodermatium pfeifferae (Carter, 1873) (additional source)
Lycopodina hypogea (Vacelet & Boury-Esnault, 1996) (additional source)
Mycale lingua (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Mycale (Mycale) lingua (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Myxilla incrustans (Johnston, 1842) represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) incrustans (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Myxilla rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) represented as Myxilla (Myxilla) rosacea (Lieberkühn, 1859) (additional source)
Neoschrammeniella bowerbankii (Johnson, 1863) (additional source)
Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) (additional source)
Pachastrella monilifera Schmidt, 1868 (additional source)
Pachastrella ovisternata Lendenfeld, 1894 (additional source)
Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Petrosia (Petrosia) raphida Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994 (additional source)
Petrosia crassa (Carter, 1876) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) crassa (Carter, 1876) (additional source)
Petrosia vansoesti Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994 represented as Petrosia (Strongylophora) vansoesti Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994 (additional source)
Phakellia robusta Bowerbank, 1866 (additional source)
Phakellia ventilabrum (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Pheronema carpenteri (Thomson, 1869) (additional source)
Pleraplysilla spinifera (Schulze, 1879) (additional source)
Podospongia lovenii Barboza du Bocage, 1869 (additional source)
Poecillastra compressa (Bowerbank, 1866) (additional source)
Rhizaxinella elongata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (additional source)
Rhizaxinella pyrifera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (additional source)
Sceptrella insignis (Topsent, 1890) (additional source)
Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 represented as Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759 (additional source)
Stylocordyla borealis (Lovén, 1868) (additional source)
Suberites carnosus (Johnston, 1842) (additional source)
Thenea muricata (Bowerbank, 1858) (additional source)
Thrombus abyssi (Carter, 1873) (additional source)
Topsentia glabra (Topsent, 1898) (additional source)
Vulcanella gracilis (Sollas, 1888) (additional source)
Weberella verrucosa Vacelet, 1960 (additional source)
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