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ERMS taxon details

Chiton Linnaeus, 1758

137779  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137779)

accepted
Genus
Chiton (Chiton) Linnaeus, 1758 · alternate representation

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  1. Species Chiton cumingsii Frembly, 1827
  2. Subgenus Chiton (Acanthopleura) Guilding, 1830 accepted as Acanthopleura Guilding, 1830
    1. Species Chiton (Acanthopleura) piceolus Shuttleworth, 1853 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) piceola (Shuttleworth, 1853) represented as Lepidochitona piceola (Shuttleworth, 1853) (original combination)
  3. Subgenus Chiton (Clathropleura) Tiberi, 1877 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) Thiele, 1893 accepted as Rhyssoplax Thiele, 1893 (synonym)
    1. Species Chiton (Clathropleura) platei Thiele, 1909 accepted as Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) accepted as Tegulaplax hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  4. Subgenus Chiton (Rhyssoplax) Thiele, 1893 accepted as Rhyssoplax Thiele, 1893
    1. Species Chiton (Rhyssoplax) canariensis d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Rhyssoplax canariensis (d'Orbigny, 1840)
    2. Species Chiton (Rhyssoplax) corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallina (Risso, 1826)
    3. Species Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Rhyssoplax olivacea (Spengler, 1797)
    4. Species Chiton (Rhyssoplax) phaseolinus Monterosato, 1879 accepted as Rhyssoplax phaseolina (Monterosato, 1879)
  5. Subgenus Chiton (Tegulaplax) Iredale & Hull, 1926 accepted as Tegulaplax Iredale & Hull, 1926
    1. Species Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) accepted as Tegulaplax hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903)
  6. Species Chiton abyssorum G. O. Sars, 1878 accepted as Hanleya hanleyi (W. Bean, 1844)
  7. Species Chiton achatinus T. Brown, 1827 accepted as Callochiton septemvalvis (Montagu, 1803) (synonym)
  8. Species Chiton albus Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (original combination)
  9. Species Chiton algesirensis Capellini, 1859 accepted as Leptochiton algesirensis (Capellini, 1859) (original combination)
  10. Species Chiton alveolus Lovén, 1846 accepted as Belknapchiton alveolus (Lovén, 1846) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  11. Species Chiton angulatus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (original combination)
  12. Species Chiton aselloides R. T. Lowe, 1825 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  13. Species Chiton asellus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Leptochiton asellus (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
  14. Species Chiton atratus G. B. Sowerby II, 1839 accepted as Tonicia atrata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1839) accepted as Tonicia chilensis (Frembly, 1827) (original combination)
  15. Species Chiton cajetanus Poli, 1791 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (original combination)
  16. Species Chiton canariensis d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Rhyssoplax canariensis (d'Orbigny, 1840)
  17. Species Chiton cancellatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1840 accepted as Leptochiton cancellatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1840) (original combination)
  18. Species Chiton caprearum Scacchi, 1836 accepted as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (superseded combination)
  19. Species Chiton cimex Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
  20. Species Chiton cimicinus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
  21. Species Chiton cimicoides Monterosato, 1879 accepted as Leptochiton cimicoides (Monterosato, 1879) (original combination)
  22. Species Chiton cinereus Linnaeus, 1767 sensu Montagu, 1803 accepted as Leptochiton asellus (Gmelin, 1791) (misapplication)
  23. Species Chiton cinereus Linnaeus, 1767 sensu Poli, 1791 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) represented as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (misapplication)
  24. Species Chiton cinereus Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (original combination)
  25. Species Chiton concentricus G. B. Sowerby II, 1841 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
  26. Species Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallina (Risso, 1826)
  27. Species Chiton coronatus Locard, 1898 accepted as Placiphorella atlantica (A. E. Verrill & S. Smith, 1882)
  28. Species Chiton corrugatus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) represented as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (synonym)
  29. Species Chiton crinitus Pennant, 1777 accepted as Acanthochitona crinita crinita (Pennant, 1777) accepted as Acanthochitona crinita (Pennant, 1777) (original combination)
  30. Species Chiton decipiens Tiberi, 1877 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) represented as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (synonym)
  31. Species Chiton decoratus Reuss, 1860 † accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
  32. Species Chiton discrepans T. Brown, 1827 accepted as Acanthochitona discrepans (T. Brown, 1827) (original combination)
  33. Species Chiton doriae Capellini, 1859 accepted as Callochiton doriae (Capellini, 1859) (original combination)
  34. Species Chiton echinotus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Acanthochitona fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
  35. Species Chiton estuarii Brusina, 1870 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Rhyssoplax olivacea (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  36. Species Chiton euplaeae O. G. Costa, 1830 accepted as Callochiton doriae (Capellini, 1859) (nomen dubium)
  37. Species Chiton fascicularis Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Acanthochitona fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767) (original combination)
  38. Species Chiton ferrugineus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  39. Species Chiton flemingius Leach, 1852 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
  40. Species Chiton foliatus T. Brown, 1818 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
  41. Species Chiton freelandi Forbes, 1844 accepted as Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallina (Risso, 1826) (dubious synonym)
  42. Species Chiton fulminatus Couthouy, 1838 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
  43. Species Chiton fulvus W. Wood, 1815 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  44. Species Chiton furtivus Monterosato, 1879 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) furtiva (Monterosato, 1879) represented as Lepidochitona furtiva (Monterosato, 1879) (original combination)
  45. Species Chiton fuscatus Leach, 1852 accepted as Leptochiton asellus (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  46. Species Chiton fuscatus T. Brown, 1827 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
  47. Species Chiton gracilis Jeffreys, 1859 accepted as Acanthochitona discrepans (T. Brown, 1827) (synonym)
  48. Species Chiton hanleyi W. Bean, 1844 accepted as Hanleya hanleyi (W. Bean, 1844) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  49. Species Chiton howensis Hedley & Hull, 1912 accepted as Tegulaplax hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  50. Species Chiton hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) accepted as Tegulaplax hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903)
  51. Species Chiton imbricatus Nierstrasz, 1905 accepted as Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) accepted as Tegulaplax hululensis (E. A. Smith, 1903) (synonym)
  52. Species Chiton incarnatus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Tonicella rubra (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Boreochiton ruber (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  53. Species Chiton islandicus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Leptochiton sarsi Kaas, 1981 (dubious synonym)
  54. Species Chiton laevigatus J. Fleming, 1813 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
  55. Species Chiton laevis Pennant, 1777 sensu Montagu, 1803 accepted as Callochiton septemvalvis (Montagu, 1803) (original combination)
  56. Species Chiton latus Leach, 1852 accepted as Tonicella rubra (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Boreochiton ruber (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  57. Species Chiton latus R. T. Lowe, 1825 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
  58. Species Chiton lividus Middendorff, 1847 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  59. Species Chiton lusitanicus Tilesius, 1802 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  60. Species Chiton marginatus Pennant, 1777 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  61. Species Chiton marmoreus O. Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  62. Species Chiton mediterraneus Reeve, 1847 accepted as Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) represented as Ischnochiton rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) (synonym)
  63. Species Chiton meneghinii Capellini, 1859 accepted as Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) represented as Ischnochiton rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) (synonym)
  64. Species Chiton minimus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Tonicella rubra (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Boreochiton ruber (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  65. Species Chiton minimus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
  66. Species Chiton nagelfar Lovén, 1846 accepted as Hanleya hanleyi (W. Bean, 1844)
  67. Species Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Rhyssoplax olivacea (Spengler, 1797)
  68. Species Chiton onyx Spengler, 1797 accepted as Acanthochitona crinita (Pennant, 1777) (synonym)
  69. Species Chiton oryza Spengler, 1797 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (dubious synonym)
  70. Species Chiton pachylasmae Monterosato, 1879 accepted as Callistochiton pachylasmae (Monterosato, 1879) (original combination)
  71. Species Chiton phaseolinus Monterosato, 1879 accepted as Rhyssoplax phaseolina (Monterosato, 1879)
  72. Species Chiton philippii Issel, 1870 accepted as Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallina (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
  73. Species Chiton pictus W. Bean, 1844 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
  74. Species Chiton polii Deshayes, 1835 accepted as Chiton olivaceus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Rhyssoplax olivacea (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  75. Species Chiton polii R. A. Philippi, 1836 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) represented as Lepidochitona caprearum (Scacchi, 1836) (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Chiton polii Deshayes, 1833)
  76. Species Chiton pulchellus R. A. Philippi, 1844 accepted as Rhyssoplax corallina (Risso, 1826) (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Chiton pulchellus Gray, 1828)
  77. Species Chiton quinquivalvis T. Brown, 1823 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  78. Species Chiton rarinota Jeffreys, 1883 accepted as Leptochiton rarinota (Jeffreys, 1883) (original combination)
  79. Species Chiton reussi Prochazka, 1895 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (junior homonym of Chiton reussi Rolle, 1862)
  80. Species Chiton rissoi Payraudeau, 1826 accepted as Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) represented as Ischnochiton rissoi (Payraudeau, 1826) (original combination)
  81. Species Chiton rubellus Nardo, 1847 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Rhyssoplax olivacea (Spengler, 1797) (dubious synonym)
  82. Species Chiton rubellus Pilsbry, 1893 accepted as Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallina (Risso, 1826) (synonym)
  83. Species Chiton ruber Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Boreochiton ruber (Linnaeus, 1767) (original combination)
  84. Species Chiton rubicundus O. G. Costa, 1830 accepted as Chiton corallinus (Risso, 1826) accepted as Rhyssoplax corallina (Risso, 1826)
  85. Species Chiton sagrinatus Couthouy, 1838 accepted as Stenosemus albus (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  86. Species Chiton scabridus Jeffreys, 1880 accepted as Leptochiton scabridus (Jeffreys, 1880) (original combination)
  87. Species Chiton scoticus Leach, 1852 accepted as Leptochiton asellus (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  88. Species Chiton scytodesma Scacchi, 1836 accepted as Callochiton septemvalvis (Montagu, 1803) (dubious synonym)
  89. Species Chiton septemvalvis Montagu, 1803 accepted as Callochiton septemvalvis (Montagu, 1803) (original combination)
  90. Species Chiton siculus Gray, 1828 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Rhyssoplax olivacea (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  91. Species Chiton squammulosus Dollfus, 1883 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Rhyssoplax olivacea (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  92. Species Chiton striatus Brusina, 1870 accepted as Chiton (Rhyssoplax) olivaceus Spengler, 1797 accepted as Rhyssoplax olivacea (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  93. Species Chiton subcajetanus d'Orbigny, 1852 accepted as Lepidopleurus cajetanus (Poli, 1791) (synonym)
  94. Species Chiton submarmoreus Middendorff, 1847 accepted as Tonicella marmorea (O. Fabricius, 1780) (synonym)
  95. Species Chiton tehuelchus d'Orbigny, 1841 accepted as Chaetopleura (Chaetopleura) angulata (Spengler, 1797) represented as Chaetopleura angulata (Spengler, 1797) (synonym)
  96. Species Chiton tuberculatus Leach, 1852 accepted as Leptochiton cancellatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1840) (synonym)
  97. Species Chiton variegatus Leach, 1852 accepted as Lepidochitona (Lepidochitona) cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) represented as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  98. Species Chiton variegatus R. A. Philippi, 1836 accepted as Lepidochitona cinerea (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Chiton variegatus Röding, 1798)
  99. Subgenus Chiton (Chiton) Linnaeus, 1758 represented as Chiton Linnaeus, 1758
    1. Species Chiton (Chiton) cumingsii Frembly, 1827 represented as Chiton cumingsii Frembly, 1827
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
masculine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 667 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Chiton Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2024) European Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marbef.org/data/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137779 on 2024-02-22
Costello, M.J.; Bouchet, P.; Boxshall, G.; Arvanitidis, C.; Appeltans, W. (2024). European Register of Marine Species. Chiton Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: https://marbef.org/data../aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137779 on 2024-02-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-09-07 06:51:43Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2009-03-20 07:57:47Z
changed
2016-02-28 18:40:21Z
changed
2018-07-27 03:41:17Z
changed
2019-09-26 10:02:06Z
changed

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 667 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (PeRMS) Ramírez, R.; Paredes, C.; Arenas, J. (2003). Moluscos del Perú. <em>Revista de Biologia Tropical.</em> 51(supplement 3): 225-284. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/ocrd/254404.pdf [details]   

additional source Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. <em>[Online Nomenclator Zoologicus at Checklistbank. Ubio link has gone].</em> , available online at https://www.checklistbank.org/dataset/126539/about [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
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