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WoRMS taxon details

Veretillum Cuvier, 1798

128501  (

Policella Gray, 1870 · unaccepted (synonym)


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  1. Species Veretillum australis (Gray, 1870)
  2. Species Veretillum cynomorium (Pallas, 1766)
  3. Species Veretillum leloupi Tixier-Durivault, 1960
  4. Species Veretillum malayense Hickson, 1916
  5. Species Veretillum manillense (Kölliker, 1872)
  6. Species Veretillum tenue (Marshall & Fowler, 1889)
  7. Species Veretillum vanderbilti Boone, 1938
  8. Species Veretillum australasiae (Gray, 1860) accepted as Lituaria australasiae (Gray, 1860) (changed combination)
  9. Species Veretillum binghami Deichmann, 1936 accepted as Cavernulina darwini (Hickson, 1921) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  10. Species Veretillum cantoriae Gray, 1862 accepted as Cavernularia obesa Valenciennes in Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  11. Species Veretillum cynomorum accepted as Veretillum cynomorium (Pallas, 1766) (lapsus calami)
  12. Species Veretillum elegans (Herklots, 1858) accepted as Cavernularia elegans (Herklots, 1858) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  13. Species Veretillum obesum (Valenciennes in Milne-Edwards & Haime, 1850) accepted as Cavernularia obesa Valenciennes in Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  14. Species Veretillum pusillum Philippi, 1835 accepted as Cavernularia pusilla (Philippi, 1835) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  15. Species Veretillum stelliferum (Müller, 1776) accepted as Kophobelemnon stelliferum (Müller, 1776) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  16. Species Veretillum baculatum Verrill, 1865 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  17. Species Veretillum clavatum Stimpson, 1855 accepted as Kophobelemnon clavatum (Stimpson, 1855) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
  18. Species Veretillum luteum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1827) accepted as Veretillum cynomorium (Pallas, 1766) (uncertain, synonym)
  19. Species Veretillum stimpsoni Verrill, 1865 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Cuvier, G. (1798). Tableau élémentaire de l'histoire naturelle des animaux. <em>Baudoin, Paris.</em> i-xvi, 1-710, Pl. 1-14. [pdf is for copepods :449-456]., available online at
page(s): 675 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Veretillum Cuvier, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-05-28
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2005-07-27 12:57:38Z
2019-06-25 05:41:35Z
2019-12-07 16:54:44Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Cuvier, G. (1798). Tableau élémentaire de l'histoire naturelle des animaux. <em>Baudoin, Paris.</em> i-xvi, 1-710, Pl. 1-14. [pdf is for copepods :449-456]., available online at
page(s): 675 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Policella Gray, 1870) Gray, J.E. (1870). Catalogue of sea-pens or Pennatulariidae in the collection of the British Museum / by J.E. Gray. , available online at
page(s): 33 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Williams, G.C.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia - Pennatulacea. <em>in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification.</em> Collection Patrimoines Naturels 50: pp. 105-106. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Williams, G. Pennatulacea checklist for ERMS2.  [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). Biogeography of the octocorallian coelenterate fauna of southern Africa. <em>Biol. J. Linn. Soc.</em> 46: 351-401. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Williams G.C. (1995). Living genera of sea pens (Coelenterata: Pennatulacea): illustrated key and synopses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 113, pp. 93-140.
page(s): 105 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1999). Index Pennatulacea: annotated bibliography and indexes of the Sea Pens (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) of the World 1469-1999. <em>Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci.</em> 51(2): 19-103, 1 fig., 14 plates. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source López-González, P. J.; Williams, G. C. (2002). A new genus and species of sea pen (Octocorallia : Pennatulacea : Stachyptilidae) from the Antarctic Peninsula. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 16(6): 919-929., available online at
page(s): 926 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1958). A revision of the genera Nidalia and Bellonella with an emendation of nomenclature and taxonomic definitions for the family Nidaliidae (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology.</em> 5(5): 101-121., available online at
page(s): 112 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S.J. (1916). The Pennatulacea of the Siboga Expedition with a general survey of the order. <em>Siboga Expeditie.</em> 14: 1-265, plates 1-10., available online at
page(s): 46-47 [details]   

additional source Kölliker, A. von. (1872). Anatomisch-systematische Beschreibung der Alcyonarien, Erste Abtheilung: Die Pennatuliden. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 8: 85-275, plates 18-24., available online at
page(s): 146-154 [details]   

additional source Deichmann, E. (1936). The Alcyonaria of the western part of the Atlantic Ocean. <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College.</em> 53: 1-317, plates 1-37., available online at
page(s): 256 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1997). Preliminary assessment of the phylogeny of Pennatulacea (Anthozoa: Octocorallia), with a reevaluation of Ediacaran frond-like fossils, and a synopsis of the history of evolutionary thought regarding the sea pens. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Coelenterate Biology, 497-509
page(s): 497, 502, 503 [details]   

additional source Kükenthal, W.; Broch, H. (1911). Pennatulacea. <em>Wissensch. Ergebn. Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition "Valdivia".</em> 13(1), 2: i-iv + 113-576, plates 13-29.
page(s): 175-176 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 


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