Key Areas for Responsive Mode Actions
MarBEF Partners involved in Theme 3
|12 records found with search conditions : [No parameters entered] |
- Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS), more
- Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science; Burnham Laboratory (CEFAS), more
- Institut FranÃ§ais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer (IFREMER), more
- Institut FranÃ§ais de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer; Centre de Brest (IFREMER), more
- Koninklijk Nederlands Instituut voor Onderzoek der Zee; NIOZ Yerseke (NIOZ), more
- Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), more
- Polish Academy of Sciences; Institute of Oceanology (PAN-IOPAN), more
- Polish Academy of Sciences; Institute of Oceanology; Departement of Marine Ecology (PAN-IOPAN), more
- Universiteit Maastricht; International Centre for Integrative Studies (ICIS), more
- University of Gdansk; Institute of Oceanography; Department of Marine Biology and Ecology; Marine Invertebrates Ecophysiology Laboratory (UG), more
- University of Southern Denmark; Centre for Maritime and Regional Studies (SDU-CMRS), more
- Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), more
Find people involved in:
Theme 3: The socio-economic importance of marine biodiversity
We have sent out a questionnaire to the whole network. This information will include: contact details, list of research staff involved, general description of research interests and skills that are relevant to MarBEF, an indication of what key area they're taking part in and a link to 5 key references. Please let us know on your participation by sending back that questionaire.
Deliverables: Inventory of current social, socio-anthropological and economic research into aspects of marine ecosystems and their goods and services
Download inventory (version date: 01.02.2006)
To understand the economic, social and cultural value of marine biodiversity and hence develop the research base required to support the sustainable management of marine biodiversity including, for example, the monitoring of the health of marine ecosystems, the management of aquaculture, the conservation of marine biodiversity, the history of marine resource exploitation, and the leisure use of marine ecosystems.
Core strategic project. 1. Valuation of Marine Biodiversity and Marine Ecosystem Management
Valuation of Marine Biodiversity
In order to manage marine ecosystems for conservation of biodiversity and sustainability of ecosystem functioning we need to understand the economic, social and cultural value of biodiversity across Europe and hence provide a framework and context to integrate natural science with the needs of society and development of management policies. Joint research between natural scientists, economists, and sociologists and socio-anthropologists within the network aims to investigate the total economic and social value of European marine biodiversity, including use and non-use values. Numerous valuation studies have been performed on coral reefs and mangroves, but other examples are rare, especially based in Europe, making this research both critically important and unique. Valuation also plays a critical role in the management of the environment, as determining estimates of value for environmental resources translates natural science into an accessible format, and enables decision makers to make educated and balanced management plans which maximize benefit to all affected parties.
- Carry out an interdisciplinary baseline review of the goods and services provided by marine
biodiversity across Europe
- Carry out an interdisciplinary baseline review of the value of marine biodiversity using
currently available methodologies
- Improve our understanding of different value systems in relation to marine biodiversity and
the goods and services it provides including underlying regional differences across Europe
and hence develop new methodologies for improved valuations
- Develop a model to analyse the interaction of the different European value added chains
that are rooted in the various areas of marine biodiversity resources
- Determine how values change as marine biodiversity responds to environmental change,
derived from a number of sources and at different temporal and spatial scales (anthropogenic
and natural disturbances, long term and short term change, global and local scales) by
looking at specific case studies e.g. effects of aquaculture, integration of fisheries and
environment management, ecological disasters such as the breaking up and sinking of the
Prestige oil tanker, regional and local effects of climate change.
Core strategic project. 2. Development of Marine Ecosystem Management Tools
Development of Marine Ecosystem Management Tools
MarBEF aims to provide information and input to the development of the EU Marine Strategy
to promote the sustainable use of the sea and the conservation of marine ecosystems. This
requires integration of management with an understanding of marine biodiversity its
relationship with ecosystem functioning. The key to the sustainable utilization of marine
biodiversity is not to limit all utilization (i.e. being completely precautionary), but to ensure that
economic development can occur without exceeding the resource thresholds. In order to do
this it is essential that socio-economists and environmental managers have a good idea of
how marine biodiversity will react to different pressures at different times, and the risks and
confidence limits associated with these estimates. Such knowledge will be essential to
develop management strategies for the sustainable use of marine ecosystems and to mitigate
environmental degradation. An achievable goal of MarBEF is to develop models such as
decision support systems and scenario analysis for use as management tools.
The two activities, valuation and development of management tools, will be progressed by building on the work done within the initial 18 months of MarBEF within theme 3, particularly with respect to the case studies.
- Interdisciplinary review of the different management tools, available to and used by marine
environmental managers and other user groups including analysis of the advantages and
deficiencies of current systems.
- Optimisation and development of decision support systems to investigate complementary
and conflicting uses of marine biodiversity. This will include evaluation of multi-criteria
analysis and their utilisation by user groups as well as the design of consistent scenarios to
generate environmental, economic and social indicators suitable for use in a multiple criteria
- Examination of the interaction between marine environmental management and individual
and societal behaviour.
- Investigation of the potential for applying alternative and novel policies and instruments
achieve management goals.
Required from MarBEF: Scientific input/data/funds
To achieve the project, interaction between researchers in themes 1 and 2 and 3 will be required to integrate natural science and socio-economic research into the marine ecosystem. Close cooperation with natural scientists (themes 1 and 2) will be required to derive ecological data to underpin quantification of goods and services in different case study areas which can be used in valuation and management studies. Data will be collected within this project which will need to be input to the MarBEF database. The results from this project will be of wide interest and assistance will be needed from MarBEF outreach to disseminate them to managers and policymakers and to advertise the novel interdisciplinary approaches used in this research to as wide a scientific audience as possible.
Because of the novelty of the integrated research within theme 3 there is no established data available from which participants can develop new research. An input of additional personnel is required to facilitate gathering of novel data. A special request is made to ensure that the theme 3 CSP funding for a post doc continues for the remainder of MarBEF to assist in this. To attempt to create a European critical mass in this new area of integrated research we request special MarBEF funding for at least 2 PhD students within the areas of economics and socio-anthropology explicitly to work with natural, economic, social and anthropology scientists within MarBEF.
The integrated science within the Strategic programme Valuation of marine biodiversity and
marine ecosystem management will be initially progressed through integrating workshops to implement networks between the relevant parties across the biological, social, socio-anthropological and economic disciplines. These workshops will initially aim to review state of the art in valuation of marine biodiversity and review management tools and systems currently in place and hence to develop research programmes to develop these areas further within the longer term of MarBEF.
To organise workshops in the theme 3 area please read terms of reference.
Five workshops within theme 3 for the first 18 months are scheduled:
|Subject||Date||Responsible person and place|
|Goods and Services||16-18 June 2004|| PML, Post-Doc; Plymouth and Melanie Austen|
|Non Monetary Value||2-3 August 2004||Tomaz Dentinho; Azores|
|Information||14-15 December 2004||Christos Arvanitidis; Crete IMBC|
|Integration||17-18 May 2005||Poul Holm; Denmark|
|Decision Support System and Wrap Up||27-28 June 2005||Anna Szaniawska, University of Gdansk Poland|
Deliverables and Milestones
The work program for the Theme 3 CSP is a deliverable from the first 18 months of MarBEF and is currently being developed. Initial development is already taking place within the closely related RMP Development of decision support systems.
- Interdisciplinary baseline review of the value of marine biodiversity using currently available methodologies (publication)
- Study of different value systems in relation to marine biodiversity and the goods and services it provides including underlying regional differences across Europe and hence development of new methodologies for improved valuations (publication)
- Model to analyse the interaction of the different European value added chains that are rooted in the various areas of marine biodiversity resources (publication)
- Determine how values change as marine biodiversity responds to environmental change, derived from a number of sources and at different temporal and spatial scales (publication)
- Interdisciplinary review of the different management tools, available to and used by marine environmental managers and other user groups including analysis of the advantages and deficiencies of current systems. (publication/report)
- Optimisation and development of decision support systems to investigate complementary and conflicting uses of marine biodiversity. (publication)
- Examination of the interaction between marine environmental management and individual and societal behaviour. (publication)
- Investigation of the potential for applying alternative and novel policies and instruments achieve management goals. (report/publication)
On the PDF the responsible people volunteered, or were asked, to be responsible for the delivery and achievement of deliverables and milestones. Please go to tables [PDF - 9KB]
Assigning tasks (deliverables/milestones) to persons to be determined as the work program is developed during months 1-18 of MarBEF.
Tasks will be achieved through:
- post-doctoral position
- MSc students carrying out case study valuations
- 2 PhD students (jointly supervised)
- sociological valuation and its use in management
- economic valuation and its use in management
- Small progress meetings
- Annual plenary meetings to continue networking
|Requirement||years||MarBEF Budget â,¬
|2 PhD students||3||475k
|Annual plenary meeting - 3||15k
|T&S for post docs and PhD students, â,¬5K per person per year||52.5k
|Participation Review and Assessment||3.5||25.2k
(1) overhead included
|Own resources||Investment from MarBEF basic budget (â,¬32 K)1||Investment from MarBEF flexible budget (â,¬8k -SSC2)
|Input from partners||Personnel costs||5000a + YYb||XXb
(2) specify why you need the extra funds from MarBEF
a Travel and subsistence for first workshop: 1000 euro/participant; Small progress meetings (3-4/participant): 1000 euro/participant; Final joint workshop: 1000 euro/participant
b Additional budget to invite other experts to (first and final) workshops: XX Euro per partner plus budget to support travel for MSc students and post-doc YY
Key Areas for responsive mode actions
Specific issues relating to valuation and marine ecosystem management included in the network that will be used as case studies are:
3.1 Fisheries and aquaculture
Fisheries policies are moving away from single to multispecies assessments and more
recently towards the ecosystem approach. A number of programmes originated or coordinated
by ICES (The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea) already implicate
global change processes as one of the causes of change of commercial fish populations (Cod
and Climate, GLOBEC). Fisheries activities have substantial effects on ecosystem processes
and there is an urgent need to integrate fisheries and environmental management to ensure
sustainability of ecosystem functioning and also of the fisheries themselves.
Besides fisheries, marine aquaculture is an important and growing economic activity in
countries such as Ireland, Greece, Italy, Scotland, Spain and Norway and new problems of
controlling biological invasions have become widespread in recent years. Furthermore, until
the development of vegetable feeds has been achieved, aquaculture practices will continue to
drive the need for harvested fish protein for fishmeal. Marine aquaculture in Europe and the
associated member states presents a remarkable diversity in terms of farmed species,
management practices, environmental conditions and socio-economic contexts. All these
variables determine to different extents the nature of aquaculture-biodiversity interactions by
producing various types of effects in different regions of Europe. In order to arrive at general
conclusions on the nature of these impacts and to obtain meaningful management guidelines
and operational tools it is important to integrate information from sources covering a wide
range of this diversity and this can be done only through international co-operation.
3.2 Integrated Coastal Zone Management
There are many different zones such as the coast zone, the continental shelf or the deep sea.
These require planning and management of the sometimes conflicting uses within them and
an understanding of biodiversity as one of the main ecosystem assets. As argued above, the
comprehensive valuation of marine biodiversity is for the moment impossible because most
basic knowledge is missing, but in future it will without doubt become a major argument in the
designation of areas for nature conservation and protection, sport and commercial fisheries,
tourism, waste disposal, for establishing shipping routes and procedures for the disposal of
ballast water, and for policies pertaining to the deliberate introduction of exotic species.
3.3 Marine Protected Areas
Marine protected areas are increasingly being used as management tools to protect
endangered species and habitats. The criteria for the design of protected areas are largely
derived from terrestrial ecological theory and little scientific basis exists for an integrated
policy of conservation in the marine environment that takes into account the particulars of
marine life histories. Furthermore, the uninformed implementation of MPAs could have either
positive or negative social and economic consequences for a variety of stakeholders.
Understanding these dynamics is essential for informed decisions regarding MPA
3.4 Impact of marine management systems and legislation upon society
To be effective, management of marine systems must be achievable and legislation must be
successfully implemented and enforced. It is essential that the effect of marine management
and legislation upon human individuals and society are examined and incorporated into the
development of management support tools.
The overall aim of MarBEF is to ensure that future environmental management of marine
biodiversity is holistic and equitable, allowing sustainable exploitation of the goods and
services, whilst maintaining, or improving, the overall state of the environment.